Effective laboratory services are an essential component of a functional health care system. Clinicians depend on laboratory tests to assess patients’ health, accurately diagnose the cause of illness and design appropriate treatment plans. Despite the importance of properly functioning laboratories in delivery of effective health care, Africa’s laboratory sector, especially laboratories in remote and underserved regions, often have weak and partly functional systems and are therefore the weakest link in the provision of quality health care services. AMREF Laboratory Programme has developed several laboratory training courses to address some of these challenges with the overall goal of strengthening laboratory diagnostic systems for improved health care services